connected, and political theory has a religious and theological motivation. That implies “Al-Mawardi’s Theory of the Caliphate”, Sir Hamilton Gibb has pointed. Abu al-Hasan Ali Ibn Muhammad Ibn Habib al-Mawardi known in Latin as Alboacen ( CE), was an Islamic jurist of the Shafi’i school most remembered for his works on religion, government, the caliphate, and public and constitutional law during a time of political turmoil. the Mu’tazila school of thought, the great (orthodox) Shafi’i jurist al-Subki (d. /) start a discussion philosophically about political ethics and Muslim character First, al-Mawardi influenced by philosophical thought.
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Shafii jurist who wrote the most significant classical theoretical explanation of public law in relation to political theory, Al-ahkam al-sultaniyyah Ordinances of government.
Thank you for your feedback. The Buwaihids, who had no legal claim to sovereignty, and who had not clarified their position, had long been intriguing to over-throw the Caliphate outright. A judge should have the qualities: Hence, the construction of a political theory out of his ruling can be neither justified nor appreciated as an achievement in political thought.
Aits basic principle remained permanent and operative. Imam must be male Muslims. This difference of opinion reflects different attitudes to the institution of the Caliphate and to its nature.
In Muslim history it is one the first scientific treatises on political science and State administration.
Muslim Political ThoughtAl-Mawardi – CSS Forums
It is related that he did not publish any of his works in his lifetime. The person referred to is none but Mahmud of Ghaznah. He ignores artificial factors like age, Property and residence etc but those who can distinguish between good and bad, between right and wrong and between the wise and poise.
Qurayshite descent Rosenthal is of the view that the Caliph be physically and mentally fit to discharge his duties as ruler, and he must possess courage and determination to protect the territory of Islam and wage holy war against its enemies and against infidels.
But al-Mawardi insists in his view to rule out the Fatimids and the Umayyads of Spain.
He says ,awardi one or all of the above conditions are there and the Muslims are still silent, so, one should imagine that their faith has weakened to a large. Nay, it contributed directly to a political theory which encouraged adventurous and ambitious men to impose them on the will of the people with brute force and sheer might.
This office therefore, is the outcome of Ijma. The imam can appoint the Electoral college as well as the persons who may contest for the Imamate.
But when Abbasids came into power, it signaled the victory of the State polity over religious ideology. He tyeory be nominated by the ruling Imam In the first case some scholars hold that Imam must be elected by all the members of the Electoral College in all the cities; others oppose this view and say that Caliph Abu Bakr was elected by the citizens of Medina.
Al-Māwardī | Muslim jurist |
A struggle began between the State and Society. If it does not hinder the performance of normal duties, and does not disfigure the features or the external beauty of the body, it will be of no account. Al-Mawardi says if people are given opportunity to elect their imam, a cunning opportunist may deceive the voters and a corrupt person may become imam.
The Board of Provincial Boundaries 3. His theory of election dealing only with the appointment of the Caliph is wholly undemocratic. The institute of Imamate is necessary as a requirement of the Shariah and not as a requirement of reason.
And the charge that occurred was simply un-Islamic, undemocratic and vicious. Hence the emphasis in [The Ordinances] placed on the qualifications, power and duties ttheory to [a given office of government] Al-Mawardi says that the existing thekry can nominate more than one Imam to succeed one another in turn. This approach to the matter would explain the working arrangement finally reached by the Buyids and the Abbasid caliphs, later followed also by the more efficient Seljuqswhereby the military held actual power while recognizing the Caliph as the supreme head of government and receiving from him, in turn, recognition of their mundane authority.
Arberry, first published ; The Qur’an, translated by M. H the Prophet and the main duties of the Madardi are the safeguard of religion from all destructive propaganda and innovations and the proper organization of general polity.
Chapter 36: Al-Mawardi
The Imam cannot withdraw the nomination until there occurs mawafdi this heir-apparent some important change which legally invalidates hint. It was on account of this that the Umayyad theody Hashimite race for supremacy of power started immediately after the device of the Prophet P. But in practice the early period of Islamic state and modern thought is to oppose his view.
Al-Mawardi quotes the following tradition from Abu Hurairah: The Imam can easily nominate any suitable person as his successor, provided he does not happen to be his father or son.