False yam tuber (Icacina oliviformis) extract has been shown to have some toxic compounds that need to be investigated to find its effect on. Common Name:False yam. Description. The Icacinaceae are a family of flowering plants, consisting of trees, shrubs, and lianas, primarily of the tropics. False yam (Icacina oliviformis syn. Icacina senegalensis) is a drought-resistant plant in West and Central Africa that produces a large tuber with.
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It is remarkable for yielding three fundamentally different types of food: Below is the uncorrected machine-read text of this chapter, intended to provide oilviformis own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text of each book.
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Nutritive value of false yam (Icacina oliviformis) tuber meal for broiler chickens.
The Icacinaceae are a family of flowering plantsconsisting of treesshrubs icxcina, and lianasprimarily of the tropics. Upland Areas Potential here is unknown, but perhaps worth finding out. Within Africa Humid Areas The bright red fruit of icacina contains a sweet, sought- Prospects here are high. Even in the wild, it grows in a natural monoculture; iicacina stands with over plants per hectare have been recorded. Even in those areas where it is abundant collections have been scanty, and it likely occurs in many more areas than are now described.
Indeed, it has a future as both a subsistence and commercial crop. Views View Edit History. In the northern parts of the Central African Republic, for icqcina, hordes of people each year mount expeditions to collect the fruits and keep themselves fed iccacina the few most-threatening weeks when little else is on hand in the villages. JPG Icacina oliviformis syn. Moreover, better methods of handling the tubers are also needed. The tubers are then sliced and soaked in clean water for several days to soften the flesh and leach out bitter compounds.
This is particularly true wherever the real yam is cultivated; icacina spreads easily and its underground growth mimics yam, causing real problems and crop losses at harvest. It deserves organized testing in dry zones in various parts of Africa to see how it survives within and beyond its current range.
Based on feedback from you, our users, we’ve made some improvements that make it easier than ever to ucacina thousands of publications on our website. Beyond Africa Prospects here are probably low.
Icacina oliviformis – African Orphan Crops Consortium
The tuber is cut up and leached in running water to remove toxic elements and facilitate maceration. The starch granules are irregular in shape and size, some spherical and some elliptical, with diameters varying from 12 to 50 microns.
Investigations should be undertaken to assess the promise and pitfalls of 7 Extracts from some species have been shown to induce sleepiness and reduce pain in rodent studies Asuzu, I.
It contains bitter and perhaps toxic principles. The National Academies Press. In better times, however, icacina can save lives too. Means to this end might include simple activities such as putting out an icacina cookbook, holding contests for best recipes, or serving icacina at prestigious functions.
Despite its attraction, this potentially weedy and mostly untamed plant should not yet be introduced into locations beyond Africa. The fruit is a bright-red ovoid berry, approximately 2. Icacinaceae sensu stricto contains about … Read more References Switchboard Wikipedia.
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A perennial that produces large quantities of three different foods could be a valuable food-security crop for the most difficult regions and most threatening times. Both tubers and seeds contain bitter compounds that must be oliviformls out. This could be an outstanding life-support species for the Sahel and for the equally drought-fraught areas of Ethiopia, Somalia, and southern Africa.
Cassava is also a shrub, so this possibility is not as far-fetched as it may seem. Do you enjoy reading reports from the Academies online oliviformjs free?
Roots, too, can contain toxins unless properly processed. The emetic, antihepatotoxic, and antinephrotoxic effects of an extract olliviformis Icacina trichantha. Bright red and plum-like, they are sweet and usually consumed fresh. The timestamp is only as accurate as the clock in the camera, and it may be completely wrong.
File:Icacina senegalensis MS JPG – Wikimedia Commons
Probably, neither the production of fruits nor roots will be devastated by the careful harvest of olivifromis woody biomass.
Description Icacina senegalensis MS The seeds, in addition to roasting, are sometimes dried and pounded into flour, which can be stored for use especially during times of food scarcity.
This file contains additional information such as Exif metadata which may have been added by the digital camera, scanner, or software program used to create or digitize it. The tubers, too, are used in the form of flour. It can be stored until needed. In part, this crop has idacina because of its common name.
Although the giant size of the old roots makes them hard to harvest, those pulled up on an annual basis would be smaller and much easier to lift from the soil. Lost Crops of Africa: The third edible iaccina is a fleshy, tuberous root. From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository.
Are any residues left in the flour?